Serial box mac june 2012

Wait for it to finish downloading. This could take a few minutes.

Apple iMac A1418 21.5" Desktop - MD093LL/A (November, 2012)

Click OK on this window: Now, the installer will automatically open. The next window will tell you no updates have been found. This process could take several minutes to several hours depending on your computer. Once the installation is complete, you need to activate the product. Open the app called NI License Manager. Go to the Multisim You will be asked for your serial.

If you have a physical copy of the software , you will find your serial on the sticker that is stuck to the DVD sleeve. You will be asked to log in to your Studica account. Go ahead and do so. Copy that serial.

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You will be asked to login to your NI account. Go ahead and login to your NI account. Ok, so far this is really bad, but just a garden-variety screwup. I mean, a huge one, to be sure. But nothing really interesting. Just today, Microsoft released a new update. This is the new piece:.

The Flame malware used a cryptographic collision attack in combination with the terminal server licensing service certificates to sign code as if it came from Microsoft. However, code-signing without performing a collision is also possible. But who cares! A collision attack! In the wild!


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On top-secret government-issued Malware! And end up with a lot of questions. For one thing, why did the Flame authors need a collision? What extra capabilities did it get them? See the end of this post. More importantly, what kind of resources would it take to find the necessary MD5 collision?

That would tell us a lot about the capabilities of the people government contractors who write malware like this. In it took one day on a supercomputer , i. And just out of curiosity, what in the world was Microsoft doing issuing MD5-based certificates in ? If not, unfortunately, a very good time for anyone else. The idea of an MD5 collision-finding attack is to come up with two different CSRs that hash to the same thing. One would be legitimate and might contain your Terminal Services licensing number.

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The other would contain… something else. By signing the first CSR, Microsoft would be implicitly creating a certificate on the second batch of information. Finding collisions is a tricky process, since it requires you to muck with the bits of the public key embedded in the certificate see this paper for more details. Also, some CAs embed a random serial number into the certificate, which really messes with the attack. Microsoft did not. What makes this ok? However, Microsoft probably does not sign arbitrary CSRs with that root certificate, meaning that collision attacks are not viable against it.

But it seems that more recent versions of Windows objected to the particular X. It also tells us that the creation of Flame may have involved some of the top mathematicians and cryptographers in our? This is an important datapoint.

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We can only speculate about why this would be necessary, but a good guess is that Flame is old or, at very least, the crypto techniques are. Even assuming that CWI team had perfect security with their result, conference program committees are hardly built for secrecy — at least, not from goverments. Which means that the Flame developers may have had their own approach under development sometime before that date.

The really interesting question is: when did secret collision research get ahead of the public, academic stuff?


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We know nothing about the techniques used to find this collision. The more crap I write, the worse this problem is. Hey, there are things going on in the world! Notes from a course I teach. Pictures of my dachshunds. If that describes you, I suggest you take a look at this table: Tokens affected by the Bardou et al. But this paper is brand new. Ask the token to decrypt the ciphertext and hand you the result.

Congratulations, you have K! Padding attacks take different forms, but the general intuition is this: Many encryption schemes apply padding to the plaintext before encryption. After decrypting a given ciphertext, most implementations check to see if the padding is valid.

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Some of these will have valid padding, others will produce error results. This table tells us how long the attacks actually took to run against real tokens: Timing results for the optimized Bleichenbacher attacks on bit RSA encryptions. How does the RSA attack work? See detailed updates and a timeline at the bottom of this post. This is the new piece: The Flame malware used a cryptographic collision attack in combination with the terminal server licensing service certificates to sign code as if it came from Microsoft.

Switch to a better hash function! Lots of stuff omitted here.

I tried to adjust the time on my alarm clock. I failed.

May CWI Stevens et al. Late CWI Stevens et al. December Vendors notified.